InterBase 2017 Update 3 Readme

From InterBase
Jump to: navigation, search

Go Up to Main Page

This release introduces bug fixes. See Resolved Defects for a complete list of bug fixes.

This Readme covers the following sections:

Note: Click Previous Releases for all releases prior to InterBase 2017.
Note: Click here to view the resolved issues and the new features of the 2017 release.

New Features

There are no new features on this release.


New installers

Note: Starting with InterBase 2017 Update 3 there is a single unified installer for both English and Japanese.

Please refer to this section for more information.

Order of prepared parameters

In a parameterized query, the order of parameters received for an Input SQLDA has been fixed. The fixed order is now both intuitive and in "visible order" as per ANSI/SQL standard requirements. This is useful especially when parameters are used in the main query's conjuncts (WHERE conditions), and in the query's column-list which have one or more sub-query(s) themselves with parameters in them. The client API, isc_dsql_describe_bind(), now correctly returns the visual order sequence number for each parameter in the input SQLDA and uses it internally to transform the user provided SQLVARs to InterBase engine expected order. The changes are only available for SQLDA version >= 2.

A new example, api17.c, has been provided to showcase how this works. The sample below showcases how named parameters are used in IBX and FireDAC components. The named parameters should work for both :TEST and :NO in that parameter order. The client component is expected to provide values in the SQLVAR array in the visible order of :TEST followed by :NO parameters.

select P.emp_no, P.first_name, P.last_name, (select 1 from RDB$DATABASE where 1 <> :TEST) 
from employee P 
where P.emp_no = :NO

New IBConfig parameter PREDICTIVE_IO_PAGES

This parameter allows you to manipulate the number of pages to be prefetched. This parameter should be left on its default status and changed only for testing purposes when it is suspected to produce performance issues. You can find more information Here.


This parameter allows you to enable/disable the use of partial index selectivity data for SQL query optimization. This parameter should be left on its default status and changed only for testing purposes when it is suspected to produce performance issues. You can find more information Here.

Change View Performance

In InterBase 2017 Change View retrieval performance has been enhanced.

Note: This performance enhancement only works on ODS 17 databases.

First Sweep of a Restored Database is now a Fast Sweep

With InterBase 2017, any database that you restore is immediately marked as swept, therefore the first sweep of that database is a fast sweep. In order to take advantage of this feature, you need to perform a database restore with InterBase 2017 and use either ODS 15 or ODS 16. See Sweep Interval and Automated Housekeeping for more information about sweeping.

Bug Fixes

See Resolved Defects for a list of bug fixes in InterBase 2017 Update 3.

System Requirements/Prerequisites

For system requirements to install and run InterBase, see System Requirements/Prerequisites.

Migration Issues for InterBase 2017

  • InterBase 2017 creates databases with ODS 17 by default, but it can connect to ODS 13 and on databases for transactional workload.
  • InterBase 2017 allows backup of ODS 11 and ODS 12 databases using the gbak command-line tool only using client/server mode, not service manager mode. You can use this feature when migrating from old InterBase ODS 11 and 12 databases.
  • New InterBase keywords introduced in this release include: DEFERRED and IMMEDIATE are unreserved Keywords. EXCLUSIVE, EXCLUSIVITY, RECURSIVE, and TRUNCATE are reserved keywords in InterBase 2017.
  • ODS 17 enables support for Change Views subscription definitions on the whole table row to survive subsequent ALTER TABLE operations. If you'd like to benefit from this, please backup/restore your ODS 16 databases to ODS 17.

Migration Issues for InterBase XE7

  • It is important to note that older clients (old IBConsole) will surface exceptions when connecting to newer ODS 16 databases since they will encounter data type not defined as INTEGER. The workaround is to install the newer IBConsole and connect with older and newer InterBase servers. The newer IBConsole is backward compatible for this purpose.
  • The InterBase Lock Table size needs to be increased by changing the IBconfig parameter as every entry occupies more room. To increase the InterBase Lock Table size, edit the ibconfig file and change the V4_LOCK_MEM_SIZE entry.
  • InterBase XE7 is released with ODS 16. The new engine only supports ODS >= 13. So with this change, all supported platforms will support the same ODS versions (13 to 16).
  • Some 64bit UDF libraries built with older Visual Studio versions (2005 and earlier) have been reported to not work with InterBase XE7. If you have any old UDF libraries, please do extra testing of these with the new InterBase version. Or, rebuild your UDF 64-bit libraries with the latest Visual Studio versions.
  • The new keyword ROW is "reserved" as a SQL keyword token.

Migration Issues for InterBase XE3

Windows Registry and Program Files Changes

InterBase XE3 introduces changes for better Windows compatibility. InterBase XE3 allows default installation of the product under the "Program Files" location and no longer uses the "Borland" subkey in the Windows Registry hierarchy. It now uses the "Embarcadero" subkey to track instance specific information. We strongly advise and encourage you to migrate your applications to the new environment as soon as possible.

  • Program Files Install Location
  • InterBase versions since 2009 installed the product in a different location other than the default Windows location of "Program Files". This was because of Windows UAC guidelines that put restrictions around applications without administrative privilege from writing under the "Program Files" file system folder. InterBase XE3, for server-based editions, now conforms to the Windows Application compatibility guidelines. The default install location has changed from C:\Embarcadero\InterBase to C:\Program Files\Embarcadero\InterBase.
  • Program Data Location
  • InterBase XE3 now delivers the program data files under %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Embarcadero\InterBase directory. For each individual instance of an install, a folder is created under this and all files requiring write access are delivered here. For example, if you install InterBase XE3 with the defaults and get 'gds_db' instance, your InterBase write location and files include the following:
    • Directory: %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Embarcadero\InterBase\gds_db
    • Files:
      • admin.ib (this is where you will deliver an older admin.ib file if you are migrating from an older InterBase version)
      • license/ (this is where you will deliver InterBase license files)
      • Examples subfolder structure with all related files
      • OTW SSL related files under "secure" subfolder
      • runtime created files such as interbase.log, *.lck, *.env

Migration Issues for InterBase XE and earlier

  • Be sure to back-up all databases, including the security database, before uninstalling the previous version.
  • We recommend that you upgrade your InterBase clients to or above if you are targeting a SUSE 11 SP1 (or above) server. There are known problems with older clients waiting for events from a SUSE 11 SP1 server.
  • Back-up the ibconfig file if it has been customized.
  • This version creates new databases with ODS version 15.
  • Please only provide 64-bit UDF libraries for a 64-bit edition, if any, of InterBase. Note that the 64-bit server will not be able to load any 32-bit UDF libraries that you may have. The UDF library that is provided (OOTB, ib_udf) is already built for 64-bit and is installed with the product.
  • InterBase XE increased the number of records that can be stored in a table. The current count has 32-bit limitations. If you want to get a count of the number of record values beyond 32-bit, you need to take the following steps:
    • If a table does have more than 2G rows then the developer must code a CAST(COUNT(*) AS NUMERIC(18,0)) to get a 64-bit count.
  • InterBase XE implemented stronger password protection. If you have older InterBase clients (locally or from remote systems) communicating with this installation, please note the following while upgrading your system to InterBase XE3:
    • If you have an existing user authentication database (from previous InterBase versions), use that database file (copied to the InterBase XE folder) and authentication for local/remote clients will work correctly.
    • If you use the new admin.ib from InterBase XE, note that this database has "SHA-1" strength passwords (by default). If you want to continue using the (weaker) DES password algorithm (previous InterBase releases), use the ALTER DATABASE command referred to in the Stronger Password Protection topic.
    • If you want to use "stronger password length" (provided in InterBase XE), you will need to recreate your user accounts AND install the new InterBase clients in remote machines connecting to this InterBase XE server. This is because the "old" InterBase clients are not capable of computing the "SHA-1" passwords and thus pass in the "DES" strength passwords which in turn do not match what the InterBase XE server expects. This gives you the error "Your user name and password are not defined...".
  • InterBase XE updated SSL parameter names. The old OTW client properties have been replaced by new OTW properties. Please refer to the Operations Guide"Setting up OTW Encryption" and Table 5.2 located in Chapter 5.
Restoring database results in the error "unassigned code"
When restoring a database with InterBase XE, get the error unassigned code. With databases with a long lineage or databases backed up with InterBase 2009 and restored with InterBase XE, each case has different metadata security settings. So when selecting a system table (for example: RDB$RELATIONS) you get the error message: no permission for read/select access to table RDB$RELATIONS by user SYSDBA.
This error occurs with databases which have these criteria:
  • Originally created with a version of InterBase prior to InterBase 6.5.
  • Backed up with a version of InterBase prior to InterBase 2009.
  • Readmeta.sql has not been previously applied.
This behavior is exhibited due to stricter enforcement of meta data rights in InterBase XE during the restore of a database.
To resolve this problem, execute readmeta.sql against your database before you back it up. readmeta.sql may be found in \examples\security. You can execute readmeta.sql against your database using isql or IBConsole.
The problem occurs with databases that have a long lineage. The two cases are (1) a database has a restore history of IB6->IB7->IB2007->IB2009->IBXE; and (2) a database backed up and restored as IB2009->IBXE. Each case has different metadata security settings. The first instance never had metadata security because it originated from IB6. However with the second instance, it was created (not restored) by IB2009 with a full complement of security privileges for all system tables.
With the first case, the database was backed up and restored and with each succeeding release, the new release would install privileges for the new system tables in that release (think RDB$USERS, RDB$ENCRYPTIONS, RDB$ROLES, etc.). But it could not alter the original system tables because it had no way of knowing if the database owner had already altered their security privileges. For example, a user might have revoked all privileges to RDB$TRIGGERS and RDB$PROCEDURES to conceal their trigger and stored procedure code.
Also, in the first case, a SYSDBA may have run readmeta.sql years ago and refined the metadata from that baseline to a custom security profile. InterBase cannot override that customization by automatically resetting it after the XE restore. InterBase XE cannot assume that every database it restores should unconditionally install the default metadata privileges because it does not know the history of individual databases.
So it is recommended to run readmeta.sql, which sets the default or starting point for configuring it the way you want it. This advice is independent of whether you are migrating to XE.
Example using isql:
isql "path to database"
-user sysdba -password masterkey -i readmeta.sql
Executing readmeta.sql with IBConsole
  1. Connect to your database with IBConsole.
  2. Tools | Interactive SQL ...
  3. Query | Load Script, select readmeta.sql, click OK.
Error: No Permission for read/select access to table RDB$XXXX by user SYSDBA
Databases originally created before InterBase 6.5 may have the following error: No permission for read/select access to table RDB$XXXX by user SYSDBA with InterBase XE.
InterBase XE enforces tighter meta data security and this error may result from doing meta data operations on databases originally created with versions of InterBase prior to version 6.5. Meta data operations involve requesting information about system objects such as listing system objects or updating them and using the Performance Monitor.
To resolve this error you need to perform two similar operations. The first operation grants rights to system tables. To do so, execute readmeta.sql from the examples\security folder in your InterBase install directory. You can execute readmeta.sql against your database using isql or IBConsole.
Example using isql:
isql "path to database"
-user sysdba -password masterkey -i readmeta.sql
Executing readmeta.sql with IBConsole
  1. Connect to your database with IBConsole.
  2. Tools | Interactive SQL ...
  3. Query | Load Script, select readmeta.sql, click OK.
Second, you need to grant rights to system temporary tables if you are going to do performance monitoring. Due to potential security concerns, most installations will want to grant rights for system temporary tables only to sysdba and the database owner, which is what is presented below. If you wish for all users to be able to view system temporary tables, modify this example to GRANT TO PUBLIC. Some installations will want only specific users to have rights, in which case a more customized script may be needed.
To grant rights for system temporary tables, save the following as a text file, then execute it the same as readmeta.sql above.
create procedure granttmp as
   declare variable stmt varchar(1024);
   declare variable ownername varchar(66);
   declare variable tablename varchar(66);
   select rdb$owner_name from rdb$relations where rdb$relation_name = 'RDB$RELATIONS'
   into :ownername;
 For select rdb$relation_name from rdb$relations where rdb$system_flag&gt;0 and rdb$relation_name 
 starts with 'TMP$' into :tablename 
   stmt = 'grant all on ' || tablename || ' to sysdba';
   execute statement stmt;
   stmt = 'grant all on ' || tablename || ' to ' || ownername;
   execute statement stmt;
 execute procedure granttmp;
 drop procedure granttemp;

Known Issues

  • On macOS, InterBase Server Edition, Japanese Language installer brings up the English UI. Current diagnosis indicates this is a problem with the InstallAnywhere version used by us and there is no workaround.
  • Issue:Server-side Performance Monitoring via admin.ib works using ISQL command-line tool, but throws a "Key violation" exception when used via IBConsole Performance Monitoring UI

Resolved Defects

External Defect # Description
(QC)SalesForce #
Internal Defect #
InterBase 2017 Update 3: October 2018, bugs fixed in version 2017 Update 3.
INTB-3477 After a database bugcheck it is not possible to make new connections.
INTB-3476 Memory release error during database disconnect blocks other connections


Connection limit decrease when archive_database and archive_journals are run in parallel.

SF Case 00411826


InterBase crashes when database is in progress to shutdown


Installing InterBase ODBC driver from May'2018 release, GDS32.DLL is in c:\windows\syswow64.


It is not possible to link the iOS InterBase Togo library in RAD Studio when the active SDK is 11.3.


ib_install.exe (build creates wrong file "C:\Program" when installing VCREDIST 2013.


IBConsole/server hang with a Group By on a Case expression.
SF Case 607704


In-memory database cache hit rate drastically goes down post full logical backup.


InterBase English installer on Windows hangs (or runs for very long time) when running Visual C++ 2013 runtime redistributable install.
InterBase 2017 Update 2 Hotfix 1: April 2018, bugs fixed in version 2017 Update 2.
INTB-3438 IBExpert parameterized queries fail when using IB 2017 Update 2 client.
SF Case 00629199


InterBase client using InterBase 2017 Update 2 ( gds32.dll but built with UniDAC data access components cannot access a stored procedure with no input parameters.
SF Case 00628627


UDFs truncate binary data.


isc_dsql_batch_update() raises error when used with batch insert of multiple records.
InterBase 2017 Update 2: March 2018, bugs fixed in version 2017 Update 2.


IBConfig parameter SORTMEM_BUFFER_SIZE with large value can corrupt indexes.
SF Case 00607704


In-memory database cache hit rate drastically goes down post full logical backup.


Wrong Plan with order by clause.
SF Case 00613902


Change View leads to crashes and duplicate primary keys.


Parameterized query's parameter position order inconsistent when used in sub-queries. For more information refer to Order of prepared parameters
SF Case 00597541


InterBase 2017 crashes with sub-query in SELECT column list.
SF Case 00594472


COMMIT RETAIN does not release a named SAVEPOINT.
INTB-3392 InterBase 2017 Update 1 crashes when garbage collecting inactive cloned requests.


COMMIT RETAIN does not release a named SAVEPOINT.
InterBase 2017 Update 1 Hotfix 1: October 2017, bugs fixed in version 2017 Update 1.
INTB-3375 interbase.log message 'pthread_cond_broadcast failed with errno =22'
SF Case 00594472


InterBase 2017 Update 1 crashes when garbage collecting inactive cloned requests'
InterBase 2017 Update 1: September 2017, bugs fixed in version 2017 Update 1.
INTB-3382 Inconsistent query results for table with updated records, and doing a SELECT ... ORDER BY using an index.
INTB-3336 No Stored Procedures in Views.
INTB-3330 Outer join with table and stored procedure crashes server.
INTB-3326 isc_dsql_fetch did not return change records.

SF Case 573995


InterBase 64bit cannot be installed on Windows 10 64 bit - v.1703, a.k.a. Creators Update
INTB-3308 index unexpectedly deleted (260) error when executing a stored procedure using the index.
INTB-3287 Transaction Inventory Page cleanup could cause database corruption in extreme case.
SF Case 561733


InterBase 2017 IBConsole Help | About identifies as XE7.
SF Case 558139


Change View subscription may slow down backup performance.
InterBase 2017: Mar 2017, bugs fixed in version 2017.
INTB-3262 InterBase XE7 Linux 64bit installer will add duplicate "LD_LIBRARY_PATH" configuration in /etc/profile
SF Case 536921


InterBase backup hangs at a table with a Change View subscription.
INTB-3155 Online dump failure: disk writes would not settle down




APPDATA_DIRECTORY IBConfig setting broken by Windows 10 Update


Shadow feature is blind to activated shadow.
SF Case 528267


Query significantly slower when ORDER BY is optimized to use index
QC 138129


Database shutdown causes abnormal termination on a database with Journals and Linger interval set.
INTB-3104 "expression evaluation not supported" on CASE statement
INTB-3058 [WISE installer] Installer does not respect provided INSTANCE/TCP_PORT values from properties file when /s option is not provided.
INTB-3044 IBConsole does not show proper value for "Page Buffers" in Database Properties form.


IBConsole Trigger Editor returns error when doing CREATE or ALTER TRIGGER.

Case IBP-26


Change View Subscription causes columns in a group by to be null
SF Case 501670


Change View Subscription causes columns in a group by to be null.

SF Case 514550


archive_recover does not work when database has ODS 15.
INTB-3000 GROUP BY does not accept column alias names.
INTB-2971 Database corruption during fast expansion of single table from multiple clients.
INTB-2970 Deadlock at database header page when enabling database shadowing.
SF Case 454420


Back up fails when database contains a change view subscription.
INTB-2900 [Change Views] Alter TABLE add column should reflect subscription which subscribe to altered table
INTB-2879 Windows 10 update deletes Files in AppData Directory.
INTB-2742 InterBase crashes when running execute statement procedures under stress.
INTB-2679 TMP$DATABASE fields TMP$CURRENT_MEMORY and TMP$CACHE_POOL_MEMORY wrapping over signed 32bit integer values
INTB-2670 "sort error: not enough memory" reported while restoring a large database
SF Case 437482


Many concurrent users run faster as sysdba user vs non sysdba user.
INTB-2464 IBConsole truncate strings when displaying.

Click here for list of resolved defects in InterBase XE7

Additional Resources

Embarcadero Technologies Technical Support

If you have a valid maintenance contract with Embarcadero Technologies, the Embarcadero Technical Support team is available to assist you with any problems you have with our applications. Our maintenance contract also entitles registered users of Embarcadero Technologies products to download free software upgrades during the active contract period. Evaluators receive free technical support for the term of their evaluation. We encourage you to visit the Support section of our Web site.

Embarcadero Technologies on the Web

Evaluators receive free technical support for the term of their evaluation. To download evaluations of Embarcadero Technologies products or to learn more about our company and our products, visit us at