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Writeable typed constants (Delphi)

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Type

Switch

Syntax

{$J+} or {$J-} {$WRITEABLECONST ON} or {$WRITEABLECONST OFF}

Default

{$J-} {$WRITEABLECONST OFF}

Scope

Local



The $J directive controls whether typed constants can be modified or not. In the {$J+} state, typed constants can be modified, and are in essence initialized variables. In the {$J-} state, typed constants are truly constant, and any attempt to modify a typed constant causes the compiler to report an error.

Writeable consts refers to the use of a typed const as a variable modifiable at run time. For example:


const
	   foo: Integer = 12;
	begin
	    foo := 14;
	end.

With $WRITEABLECONST OFF, this code produces a compile error on the assignment to the foo variable in the begin..end block. To fix it, change the const declaration to a var declaration.

In early versions of Delphi and Object Pascal, typed constants were always writeable, corresponding to the {$J+} state. Old source code that uses writeable typed constants must be compiled in the {$J+} state, but for new applications it is recommended that you use initialized variables and compile your code in the {$J-} state.

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