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Overflow checking (Delphi)

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Type

Switch

Syntax

{$Q+} or {$Q-} {$OVERFLOWCHECKS ON} or {$OVERFLOWCHECKS OFF}

Default

{$Q-} {$OVERFLOWCHECKS OFF}

Scope

Local



Remarks

The $Q directive controls the generation of overflow checking code. In the {$Q+} state, certain integer arithmetic operations (+, -, *, Abs, Sqr, Succ, Pred, Inc, and Dec) are checked for overflow. The code for each of these integer arithmetic operations is followed by additional code that verifies that the result is within the supported range. If an overflow check fails, an EIntOverflow exception is raised (or the program is terminated if exception handling is not enabled).

The $Q switch is usually used in conjunction with the $R switch, which enables and disables the generation of range-checking code. Enabling overflow checking slows down your program and makes it somewhat larger, so use {$Q+} only for debugging.

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