FMXGradientPoint (Delphi)

From RAD Studio Code Examples
Jump to: navigation, search

Description

This example demonstrates the usage of several properties of TGradient, TGradientPoint, and TGradientPoints.

To replicate this example, create a new multi-device application and place the following components on your form:

Use the Object Inspector to:

  • Set the Fill.Kind property of all the rectangles and ellipses to Gradient.
  • Set the names and the text for the labels to contain relevant information. For example, the name of the label in front of the track bar should be LBL_Offset and the text should be set to Offset.
  • Set the Enabled property to False for all the TRectangle and TEllipse objects.
  • Set the Fill kind and color for the form.
  • Set the Min and Max properties of the TTrackBar to 0 and 1, respectively.

The form should look like in the following image.

TGradientPoint2 new.JPG

Code

Create two TGradient variables and initialize them in the OnCreate event handler of your Form. Destroy them in the OnDestroy event handler.

//Delphi

var
  Form1: TForm1;
  MyLinearGradient: TGradient;
  MyRadialGradient: TGradient;

implementation

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);

  procedure InitShape(Shape: TShape; Gradient: TGradient; Index: Integer;
    Offset: Extended);
  begin
    with Shape.Fill.Gradient do
    begin
      Assign(Gradient);
      Points.Points[Index].Offset := Offset;
    end;
  end;

begin
  Form1.Caption := 'FMX GradientPoints';

  MyLinearGradient := TGradient.Create;
  MyRadialGradient := TGradient.Create;

  MyLinearGradient.Style := TGradientStyle.Linear;
  MyRadialGradient.Style := TGradientStyle.Radial;
  MyLinearGradient.Color := claRed;
  MyLinearGradient.Color1 := claGreen;
  MyRadialGradient.Color := claRed;
  MyRadialGradient.Color1 := claGreen;

  InitShape(Ellipse1, MyRadialGradient, 0, 0.00);
  InitShape(Ellipse2, MyRadialGradient, 0, 0.25);
  InitShape(Ellipse3, MyRadialGradient, 0, 0.50);
  InitShape(Ellipse4, MyRadialGradient, 0, 0.75);
  InitShape(Ellipse5, MyRadialGradient, 0, 1.00);

  InitShape(Ellipse6, MyRadialGradient, 1, 0.00);
  InitShape(Ellipse7, MyRadialGradient, 1, 0.25);
  InitShape(Ellipse8, MyRadialGradient, 1, 0.50);
  InitShape(Ellipse9, MyRadialGradient, 1, 0.75);
  InitShape(Ellipse10,MyRadialGradient, 1, 1.00);

  InitShape(Rectangle1, MyLinearGradient, 0, 0.00);
  InitShape(Rectangle2, MyLinearGradient, 0, 0.25);
  InitShape(Rectangle3, MyLinearGradient, 0, 0.50);
  InitShape(Rectangle4, MyLinearGradient, 0, 0.75);
  InitShape(Rectangle5, MyLinearGradient, 0, 1.00);

  InitShape(Rectangle6, MyLinearGradient, 1, 0.00);
  InitShape(Rectangle7, MyLinearGradient, 1, 0.25);
  InitShape(Rectangle8, MyLinearGradient, 1, 0.50);
  InitShape(Rectangle9, MyLinearGradient, 1, 0.75);
  InitShape(Rectangle10,MyLinearGradient, 1, 1.00);
end;

procedure TForm1.FormDestroy(Sender: TObject);
begin
  MyLinearGradient.Free;
  MyRadialGradient.Free;
end;

At this point, the form should look like in the following image.

TGradientPoint1 new.JPG

Write event handlers for the first rectangle's OnMouseEnter and OnMouseLeave events. Use these handlers for all the other shapes by selecting, from the Object Inspector, Rectangle1MouseEnter and Rectangle1MouseLeave for their TRectangle.OnMouseEnter and TRectangle.OnMouseLeave events, respectively.

//Delphi

procedure TForm1.Rectangle1MouseEnter(Sender: TObject);
var
  Points: TGradientPoints;
begin
  // When the mouse cursor hovers over a rectangle or ellipse, change the TEdit objects and the TTrackBars to illustrate the gradient's properties
  with TShape(Sender) do
  begin
    Enabled := True;
    Points := Fill.Gradient.Points;
  end;
  Edit1.Text := AlphaColorToString(Points.Points[0].Color);
  Edit2.Text := AlphaColorToString(Points.Points[1].Color);
  TrackBar1.Value := Points.Points[0].Offset;
  TrackBar2.Value := Points.Points[1].Offset;
  LBL_Offset1.Text := FloatToStrF(Points.Points[0].Offset, ffFixed, 6, 2);
  LBL_Offset2.Text := FloatToStrF(Points.Points[1].Offset, ffFixed, 6, 2);
end;

procedure TForm1.Rectangle1MouseLeave(Sender: TObject);
begin
  // When the mouse cursor leaves a rectangle or ellipse, restore the initial properties of the TEdits and TTrackBars
  TShape(Sender).Enabled := False;
  Edit1.Text := '';
  Edit2.Text := '';
  LBL_Offset1.Text := '';
  LBL_Offset2.Text := '';
end;

The result is an application that shows the colors of a gradient by accessing its Points property and the offset of the gradient's starting or ending point. When the mouse's cursor hovers over an object, the first TEdit shows the name of the starting color and the second TEdit shows the name of the ending color of the gradient. The TTrackBar objects have the same value as the Offset of a specific gradient point.

The second Ellipse is enabled: GradientPoint3 new.JPG

The eighth Rectangle is enabled: GradientPoint4 new.JPG

Uses

See Also

Personal tools
Assistance