TComboBoxSelLength (Delphi)

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Description

The following example shows how to complete partial strings typed into a combo box. The code represents the OnKeyPress event handler of the combo box, which performs most of the default keystroke handling before finding a matching list item and updating the text. Note: This OnKeyPress event handler does not deal with the case when you press the Delete key. That case must be caught in the OnKeyDown event handler instead. Note: Set the TComboBox AutoComplete to False to turn off the default auto completion.

Code

procedure TForm1.ComboBox1KeyPress(Sender: TObject; var Key: Char);
var
  Found: boolean;
  i, ct, SelSt: Integer;
  TmpStr: string;
begin
  { First, process the keystroke to obtain the current string. }
  { This code requires all items in the list to be uppercase. }
  if Key in ['a'..'z'] then Dec(Key,32); {Force uppercase only }
  ct := (Sender as TComboBox).Items.Count;
  with (Sender as TComboBox) do
  begin
    SelSt := SelStart;
    if (Key = Chr(vk_Back)) and (SelLength <> 0) then
     TmpStr := Copy(Text, 1, SelStart) + Copy(Text, SelLength + SelStart + 1, 255)
    else if Key = Chr(vk_Back) then {SelLength = 0}
     TmpStr := Copy(Text, 1, SelStart-1) + Copy(Text, SelStart + 1,255)
    else {Key in ['A'..'Z', etc]}
     TmpStr := Copy(Text, 1, SelStart) + Key + Copy(Text, SelLength + SelStart + 1, 255);
    if TmpStr = '' then Exit;
    { Update SelSt to the current insertion point. }
    if (Key = Chr(vk_Back)) and (SelSt > 0) then Dec(SelSt)
    else if Key <> Chr(vk_Back) then Inc(SelSt);
    Key := #0; { Indicate that the key was handled. }
    if SelSt = 0 then
    begin
      Text:= '';
      Exit;
    end;
   {Now that TmpStr is the currently typed string, see if you can locate a match. }
    Found := False;
    for i := 1 to ct do
    begin
      if Copy(Items[i - 1], 1, Length(TmpStr)) = TmpStr then
      begin
        Text := Items[i-1]; { Update to the match that was found. }
        ItemIndex := i-1;
        Found := True;
        Break;
      end;
    end;
    if Found then { Select the untyped end of the string. }
    begin
      SelStart := SelSt;
      SelLength := Length(Text) - SelSt;
    end
    else Beep;
  end;
end;

var
  CharSetList : TStringList;

procedure TForm1.AddCharacterSet(const S: string);
begin
  CharSetList.Add(S);
end;

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
begin
  CharSetList := TStringList.Create;
  Graphics.GetCharsetValues(AddCharacterSet);
  ComboBox1.Items := CharSetList;
end;

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