alignof Operator (C++11)
The C++11 standard includes the alignof keyword and operator, which tells you the alignment of a type.
To get the alignment of a type, use the following syntax:
The result is an integer constant of type std::size_t. The value indicates the boundaries on which elements of that type are aligned in memory. For instance, an alignment of 2 means that the type must begin on even memory addresses. A typical value for alignof (double) might be 8.
Applying alignof to a reference type yields the alignment of the referenced type. If you apply alignof to an array type, you get the alignment of its element's type.