Removing Transitively-dependent Columns
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The third step in the normalization process is to remove any non-key columns that depend upon other non-key columns. Each non-key column must be a fact about the primary key column. For example, suppose we added TEAM_LEADER_ID and PHONE_EXT to the PROJECT table, and made PROJ_ID the primary key. PHONE_EXT is a fact about TEAM_LEADER_ID, a non-key column, not about PROJ_ID, the primary key column.
To normalize this table, we would remove PHONE_EXT, change TEAM_LEADER_ID to TEAM_LEADER, and make TEAM_LEADER a foreign key referencing EMP_NO in the EMPLOYEE table.