ExceptionHandling (Delphi)

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Description

This example demonstrates exception handling to catch run-time errors.

Code

procedure TForm2.btIOErrorClick(Sender: TObject);
var
  ExceptionObj : TObject;
begin
  {
  Try to write something onto the console--it will raise an
  exception.
  }
  try
  WriteLn('This will generate an error because there is no' +
          ' console attached!');
  except
    ExceptionObj := ExceptObject;
    if ExceptionObj = nil then
      MessageDlg('No exception', mtError, [mbOK], 0)
    else
    begin
      MessageDlg(ExceptionObj.ToString, mtError, [mbOK], 0);
    end;
  end;
end;

{$OVERFLOWCHECKS ON}
{$OPTIMIZATION OFF}
{$HINTS OFF}
procedure TForm2.btOverflowErrClick(Sender: TObject);
var
  b : Cardinal;
  ExceptionPtr : Pointer;
begin
  {
  Simulate an overflow. Note: Enable the overflow
  checking and disable optimizations, because the Delphi
  compiler will not compile this code otherwise.
  }
  ExceptionPtr := nil;
  try
    b := $FFFFFFFF;
    b := b * b;
  except
    ExceptionPtr := AcquireExceptionObject;
  end;

  // Check exception.
  if ExceptionPtr = nil then
    MessageDlg('No exception', mtError, [mbOK], 0)
  else
  begin
    MessageDlg(TObject(ExceptionPtr).ToString, mtError, [mbOK], 0);
    ReleaseExceptionObject;
  end;
end;
{$HINTS ON}
{$OPTIMIZATION ON}
{$OVERFLOWCHECKS OFF}

procedure TForm2.btRuntimeErrorClick(Sender: TObject);
var

  ExceptionObj : TObject;
  begin
  { Simulate an access violation. }
  try
    System.Error(reAccessViolation);
  except
    ExceptionObj := ExceptObject;
    if ExceptionObj = nil then
      MessageDlg('No exception', mtError, [mbOK], 0)
    else
    begin
      MessageDlg(ExceptionObj.ToString, mtError, [mbOK], 0);
    end;
  end;
end;

procedure TForm2.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
begin

end;

Uses

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